More than a Century ago, on April 25, 1898, Spain declared War on the US and caused the Start of the Spanish American War. The Fight lasted three Months and two and a half weeks, and it began when Cuba decided to fight for independence with The help of the Americans. Cuba was declared in 1492 That the Spanish Colony, as it was discovered by Christopher Columbus.
Although many Rebellions took place in the 19th Century, the Island remained under Spanish Rule before the Spanish War came to an End. It took four more Years for the Nation to be officially considered independent, in 1902.
Despite the Fact that William McKinley, the President of the U.S. at The Time, was trying to avoid going to war, a Naval Accident between the U.S. Navy ship, Maine, appearing offshore Cuba led to an Ultimatum That the Americans delivered to the Spanish, forcing them to offer their control of Cuba.
One can say that the Spanish Rejection of the Ultimatum is one of Spain’s American War triggers.
Here’s a list of ten interesting Spanish American war truth.
1. CAUSES OF THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR
The reasons for war were many, but there were two immediate ones: America’s support the ongoing struggle by Cubans and Filipinos against Spanish rule, and the mysterious explosion of the battleship U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor.
After over 400 years of Spanish rule, Cubans were eventually able to gain their liberty. Struggles to become independent began at the beginning of the 19th century and came as a result of the way the Spanish handled Cuba and Cubans and as a result of mass executions of whomever tried to struggle for Cuban liberty.
2. SLAVERY & CRUELTY
Many Cubans were forced from the Spanish to demanding captivity, having to work night and day on various plantations of sugar or tobacco, alongside African Americans, resulting in the death of thousands of Cubans, particularly through starvation and disease.
3. U.S. SUPPORT
America chose to encourage Cubans for both diplomatic and political reasons. Americans didn’t agree with the way the Spanish were treating people of Cuba but they also saw Cuba as a wealthy and profitable country.
4. REMEMBER THE MAINE BATTLESHIP
Maine, a U.S. battleship was sunk off the coast of Cuba, killing over 260 servicemen on board. Regardless of the fact that no evidence was found, Americans immediately presumed it was a Spanish action which lead to the sinking.
This incident happened on 15th of February, 1898 and presumably, it was due to the explosion of a submarine mine.
5. FIRST BATTLE
The Principal battle fought during the Spanish American war was at Manila Bay, in the Philippines, on May 1st, 1898 and ended with the success of the U.S.
6. THE SURRENDER OF SPAIN
After two victories obtained by the U.S. military, Spain agreed to surrender to America in Santiago, on the 17th of Jul, 1898. The first battle won by the Americans happened on the 1st of July, 1898, in San Juan Heights and the next one, on the 3rd of July, 1898 when the United States defeated the Spanish army away Santiago Bay.
Theodore Roosevelt was the leader of this team known as the Rough Riders and he also headed the right wing during the assault on San Juan Hill. Following the victory he had been assigned as the Governor of New York State.
7. AMERICAN TROOPS & CASUALTIES
Nearly 308,000 American troops fought in the Spanish American war, over 3000 of that lost their lives. But, only 385 U.S. military men are considered battle casualties. Another ones died of disease, as outbreaks of either typhoid or yellow fever were rather common.
Twenty nine battles were fought in the Spanish American war. Eleven victories were delegated to the United States and eleven victories to the Spanish. However, nobody knows who actually won at the remaining seven conflicts.
9. THE TREATY OF PARIS
Because of this Spanish-American war, the Treaty of Paris was signed on the 10th of December, 1898. Because of the war, Puerto Rico and Guam were ceded from the Spanish to the Americans, Cuba became an independent country and the U.S. purchased the Philippines for $20 million.
10. THE SIGNIFICANCE BEHIND MEDIA INVOLVEMENT
Since the Spanish American war was the primary battle between countries that involved media, it’s considered a turning point in regards to the history of propaganda and the beginning point of this so called yellow journalism. One of the iconic figures of warfare was William Randolph Hearst, who brought up the military situation of Cuba at the eye of the United States population.
When the U.S. decided necessary to assist the Cubans find their liberty, the Spanish had to undergo the consequences and shed their empire. Literary journalism Spanish American war involved with catchy headlines to draw people’s attention, even though the news wasn’t that well researched. Several cartoons presented in papers sparked the public opinion from the U.S. especially due to the “war” began between Pulitzer and Hearst.
The Spanish American war deadline exceeds the date where Spain surrender to the U.S. and goes on until 1902, when U.S. troops eventually leave Cuba.
As a Spanish-American war summary, the U.S. fought against Spain, to assist Cuba gain its own independence. But given the fact that Americans gained some lands at the end.
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